Sexual dysfunction, what it is, what are the causes of its development and what types of dysfunctions exist


sexual dysfunctionSexual dysfunction: what it is, what are the causes of its development and what types of dysfunctions exist
What are the reasons for sexual dysfunction and what it is, what types of it exist – let’s look at everything in detail and get acquainted with the signs of the disease.

What is sexual dysfunction and what are its types

A man at different ages can overtake sexual dysfunction. It is known that a person’s ability to erection, as well as the duration of sexual intercourse, depends on the general condition of the body and the presence of a favorable environment.

Psychological and physiological factors have a direct impact on a person’s entire life, but self-intervention is required to maintain health.

The content of the article

  • General concepts
  • Causes of sexual dysfunction
  • Symptoms and signs of pathology
  • Treatment
  • Useful video
  • Let’s sum up

General concepts

The classification identifies the following types of dysfunction:

  1. Psychogenic – pathology develops on the background of prolonged stress, psychological stress or discomfort during sexual intercourse.
    The man retains a spontaneous (unconscious, “night”) erection and the ability to masturbate.
  2. Organic is a pathology that develops due to the accumulation of internal disturbances and the negative impact of external factors. It is divided into several categories depending on the cause of the appearance (vasculogenic, hormonal, pasqualini, neurogenic). Distinguished by preservation of libido.
  3. Drug – pathology that develops after or during treatment with certain types of drugs (lowering blood pressure, sedatives, antidepressants, antiandrogens, antiallergic drugs, drugs with different narcotic effects).
    This form affects the libido sustanon steroid and all forms of natural erection.

In some cases, after completion of therapy with the use of negatively affecting the potency of drugs, an erection is restored on its own or under the influence of restorative therapy.

Causes of sexual dysfunction

So, most of the men who seek medical advice are sure that the cause of the appearance of the pathology is of a psychogenic nature.

However, in 80% of people diagnosed, a number of organic disorders and associated diseases are revealed, which have a direct impact on the potency and other functions of the body.

Causes of sexual dysfunction depending on the type of physiological disorders:

  1. Vasculogenic – a form of abnormality caused by a change in the work of arterial and veno-occlusive structures, cavernous insufficiency, changes in the structure of the cavernous bodies, nerve endings or blood vessels of the reproductive organ.
  2. Hormonal – a form of violation caused by a change in the amount or percentage of the absorption of the hormone testosterone (diabetes, Pasqualini syndrome, Itsenko-Cushing’s disease).
  3. Neurogenic – a form of the disorder that develops due to diseases of the central nervous system and peripheral nerve endings.

You can also distinguish separately a group of mixed diseases, the cause of which is a combination of psychogenic and internal factors.

Note! In the case of a mixed impotence group, signs of both types of disorder are observed.

Symptoms and signs of pathology

Sexual dysfunction has different signs depending on the form and causes of occurrence. For a more visual illustration of the problem, use the table.

sexual dysfunction

Sign of Psychogenic Organic
Development rate Pathology occurs suddenly in the absence of comorbidities and negative signs (after suffering stress). There is a gradual decrease in erection and an increase in the time to achieve it.
Persistence An erection is unstable, but does not disappear completely. The development of sudden difficulties without prior symptoms. It has a permanent character.
Attachment to external factors Erectile dysfunction manifests itself when it gets into certain conditions, conditions, when trying to have sexual intercourse with a certain partner. A situational impairment of potency may be caused by a repetition of an unpleasant situation, the fear of causing or experiencing pain during intercourse, negative memories or associations. Pathology is not tied to the setting, specific sexual partner or other circumstances.
Prerequisites The preceding of the psychogenic form of impotence can be the transfer of a bereavement or other experiences that impose a strong psychological burden. Often accompanied by a number of associated symptoms related to the type of violation (high blood pressure, angina, memory impairment and others).

Impotence is not an age-related change, it does not have a specific framework for the onset of development. In many ways, the state of a man depends on the general state of the complex of internal systems, compliance with the rules of a healthy lifestyle, heredity and psychological environment.


Diagnosis and treatment of sexual dysfunction is often delayed for a long time due to the delicacy of the issue of intimate life. However, in most cases (up to 95%), drug therapy is completed successfully, subject to all doctor’s recommendations and lifestyle changes.

As a rule, men do not go for an examination because of:

  • embarrassment, reluctance to discuss the problem;
  • expectations that the problem will be solved independently;
  • the absence of an acutely posed question (with a not too active sex life);
  • waiting for a dangerous diagnosis;
  • lack of faith in the assistance of a specialist.

Modern methods of diagnosis can prevent the further development of serious diseases of the circulatory, endocrine or nervous system, a manifestation of which may be sexual dysfunction.

The methods applicable to restore potency include the use of:

  1. PDE5 inhibitors (cGMP-specific PDE5) of short duration.
  2. Preparations based on herbal ingredients.
  3. Normalization of lifestyle (quitting smoking and alcohol, playing sports, normalizing nutrition and sleep).
  4. Complexes of psychotherapy.
  5. The introduction of medicinal solutions in the urethra.
  6. The introduction of medicinal solutions in the region of the cavernous bodies of the penis.
  7. Vacuum devices.
  8. The course of therapeutic massage.

These methods are effective in the early stages of pathology.

In the case of more serious causes of impotence is carried out:

  1. Surgical intervention aimed at reducing the rate of outflow of blood through the veins and increased flow in the arteries (resection of the dorsal vein, endovascular embolization of the penile veins, revascularization of the cavernous bodies of the penis). The technique is characterized by low efficiency and short duration of the result (up to 2 years).
  2. Falloprosthetics (implanting prostheses in the penis tissue) is used in the absence of effect after the application of alternative treatment methods. In contrast to the surgical intervention in the work of the bloodstream, prostheses have significant effectiveness in the issue of restoration of sexual function (95% of cases).

Important! Prostheses differ in the mechanism, method of installation and composition (plastic, hydraulic, three-component hydraulic).

Nevertheless, to install the most advanced of them (three-component hydraulic prostheses), you must have special skills from the surgeon-urologist and specialized equipment.

Useful video

Let’s sum up

The development of sexual dysfunction is not related to the age of the man, but the presence of constant stress, disruption of the day, nutrition, physical inactivity and the presence of other negative factors can trigger the emergence of a number of diseases of the nervous, circulatory or endocrine system, leading to disruption of the reproductive system.

Erectile dysfunction can also be a signal of the occurrence of severe comorbidities, which is why timely diagnosis and treatment can not only improve the state of potency, but also prevent the deterioration of health.